China’s Two Sessions

Author: Miaomiao Wang

National Two Sessions

The „Two Sessions“ refer to the annual meeting of National People’s Congress (NPC) of the People’s Republic of China and The National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC). Since the two sessions basically overlap in time, while both are very high in terms of operational importance for the country, it is collectively called Two Sessions.
The National People’s Congress is the supreme body of state authority, and the people elect their representatives through democratic elections to constitute the people’s congress to exercise concentrated state power.
The Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference is an important body of the multi-party cooperative political consultation under the leadership of the Communist Party of China. Its main functions are political consultation and democratic supervision, to organize participates of all parties, groups and people from all ethnic groups and all walks of life to participate in politics. CPPCC members arise from consultations.
Every five years the two sessions, considered as one period, the annual meeting is called as X Plenary Session of X period. According to the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China, the significance of the „two sessions“ is to collect the information and requirements from the people via people representatives, and convey it to the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist party. The representatives of the „two sessions“ represent the interests of the majority, representing the voters during the two sessions to the relevant government departments to put forward their own suggestions and requests. Annual regional NPC and CPPCC also known as the two sessions, usually held the time before the national „two sessions“.
The 5th Plenary Session of the 12th National People’s Congress opened on 3 March 2017 and The Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference opened 5 March 2017; both are in Beijing, China.

National People's Congress NPC, P.R. China

The Third Session of the 12th National People’s Congress NPC, P.R. China

Regional Two Sessions

Heilongjiang Province 2017: Revitalize the real economy
The fundamental goal in 2017 for Heilongjiang province is to improve the competitiveness of the real economy. This is also the first time that Heilongjiang Provincial government work report mentioned the revitalization of the real economy. The real economy is developing relatively slow in Heilongjiang province, and the reasons are both institutional and for unreasonable economic structure. The main factors restricting the development of real economy in Heilongjiang Province are the strong dependence of development path and low level of technological innovation, also the abnormal development of virtual economy have squeezed the space of the real economy development to a certain degree. To thoroughly implement important requirements focusing on revitalizing the real economy, for the real economy in Heilongjiang especially the manufacturing industry that the existence structure has the problem of imbalance and lack of competitiveness and other prominent issues. It is necessary to strengthen the macro guidance in time to give important market signals, also to guide the market focus on market reality, as well as to take effective measures to support, so to fundamentally improve the competitiveness of the real economy. Continue to promote industrial projects, deepen innovation drive. Specific measures can be multi-angle strive; to promote specialized and systematized investment; change the concept of existing enterprises, promote innovation, attract talents, strengthen management; industrializing high-tech achievements; to make full application of new business type and business model; and etc.



Miaomiao Wang
FHNW School of Business / Swiss SME Research Center China